Up to 60% of men have experienced enlarged male breasts. While common, gynecomastia can make you feel isolated and self-conscious. Male breast reduction can remove excess fat and breast tissue to restore a flatter chest. 

What is Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia is a condition in which boys or adult men have enlarged breasts. It commonly appears during puberty, the ideal time to cause embarrassment and self-consciousness. It can also occur in adults for a variety of reasons. While most causes of gynecomastia are not harmful, the condition can cause significant mental distress. 

Gynecomastia Boston

What Causes Gynecomastia?

Gynecomastia has many causes. It may appear even without a clear reason. Common underlying causes include:


While we think of testosterone as being the “male” hormone, all males also have estrogen. This hormone triggers breast tissue to grow. Puberty, age-related hormonal changes, and certain medical conditions can cause an increase in estrogen. 


Several prescribed and illicit substances can cause gynecomastia. Hormones, some cancer treatments, and many common medications can trigger enlarged male breast development. Illegal drugs such as anabolic steroids can also cause the condition. 

Medical Conditions

Any medical condition that affects your hormones can trigger gynecomastia. Associated conditions include liver and kidney disease, certain types of cancer, and problems with the glands that control hormone levels. 

What is Gynecomastia Surgery or Male Breast Reduction?

Male breast reduction can be performed in several ways depending on the type and amount of excess tissue. Enlarged male breasts usually include a combination of breast tissue and fat. 

Your LPS surgeon may use a small incision around the areola to remove excess breast tissue. They may also use liposuction to remove fat. Your surgeon may recommend one or both of these methods after assessing your enlarged breasts.  

Am I a Good Candidate for Gynecomastia Surgery?

Most men with enlarged breasts make good candidates for gynecomastia surgery. Ideal candidates are healthy and want to achieve a flat, masculine chest. Most men feel very satisfied with the results of this procedure. Your LPS surgeon will discuss all your potential benefits and risks during your consultation. 

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What is Recovery Like From Gynecomastia Surgery?

You will usually have some swelling and soreness after male breast reduction. A compression garment will provide support while you heal and help control swelling. Most people can go back to work after about a week. Healing takes about four weeks, and your swelling may take several months to completely resolve. 

How Much Does Gynecomastia Surgery Cost? 

The cost of gynecomastia surgery varies depending on your location, your choice of provider, and the type of procedure. The average cost of the procedure ranges from $4,000 to $4,500. This average does not usually include anesthesia, surgical fees, and other expenses. 

I was recommended to Dr. Morris through my doctor at BID-Needham. Due to prior surgeries, I had some issues and Dr. Morris is the best. He has done a fantastic job with my abdomen core and I feel and look fantastic.

Take the Next Step

Interested in learning about treatments for gynecomastia? Schedule your consultation with Longwood Plastic Surgery today by calling our Brookline office at (617) 383-6250. We serve the Brookline and Greater Boston area with distinction.